Tag: SSH

SSH Tunnelling – Local Port Forwarding

Introduction

Today we are going to experience the power of the SSH(Secure Shell) command. Yes Linux. I recently wrote an article on X11 forwarding that allows to map your local computer’s GUI to server where SSH is used underneath. It’s time for you read it if you haven’t. To understand the today’s topic let’s 1st look at what’s tunnelling that’s the foundation. In wikipedia tunnelling is defined as follows.

In computer networks, a tunneling protocol allows a network user to access or provide a network service that the underlying network does not support or provide directly. – wikipedia

SSH tunnelling can be created using three kinds of port forwarding mechanisms as mentioned below.

  • Local port forwarding – Today’s topic
  • Remote port forwarding
  • Dynamic port forwarding

Local Port Forwarding via SSH

Today we are going to focus on local port forwarding. This can be used to access a network that is not accessible directly. Let’s take an example and see. The following image is used to elaborate the scenario.

Local Port Forwarding Using SSH

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Remote Login Linux

GUI on Ubuntu Server with X11 Forwarding

So X11 Forwarding!

Hey there! How’s it going? Today we are going to focus on how to run an application that requires a graphic interface on your Ubuntu server where typically Ubuntu server does not come with GUI. Let’s map your Desktop GUI to the remote server by using X forwarding, It is easy to accomplish X forwarding on Ubuntu using X11 & SSH.

Plus I have already written on Remote login with GUI in Linux – VNC. Read it if you haven’t. It’s another way of getting done same task.

Below is an image of SSH concept.

X11 Forwarding Using SSH Tunneling

Image Courtesy : addictivetips.com

So X11 is a

X11 is a network protocol designed for Unix and similar operating systems to enable remote graphical access to applications. The original X windowing system was announced in 1984 and developed at MIT. A machine running an X windowing system can launch a program on a remote computer. All the CPU processing happens on the remote computer but the display of the application appears on the local machine. – toastytech.com

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How to SSH without a password

What’s SSH & SSH Keys

SSH A.K.A Secure Shell is used to make remote connections between computers to execute commands. A username and password is used for the authentication purpose when establishing the connection. If you have a very strong password, it’s almost 100% secure to use SSH since the data transmission is encrypted. But are you comfortable with typing the lengthy password every time you want to SSH? Also every time you type your password, you are sending your password over the network. So anyone who is eavesdropping on your connection will be able to intercept and crack your password. But if you switch to SSH keys you haven’t got anything to worry because your password is never transmitted over the network. Check out image below to get a vivid idea about the concept. So let’s get down to business(happy-face).

SSH Tunneling

Image Courtesy : addictivetips.com

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